The Tasmanian Rail Network dates from the late 1800s and its alignment has changed little since. The network is a single rail line, narrow gauge (1,067 millimetre) transport system and consists of a total of 632 route kilometres of operational lines and a further 211 kilometres of non-operational lines.
The operational network extends from Hobart to Western Junction and to the Port of Bell Bay in the north east and Burnie in the north west. Connections are also provided to Fingal in the east and Boyer in the Derwent Valley. The Melba Line (formerly named the Emu Bay Line) connects the West Coast to Burnie.